They analysed data from several studies on nutrition and health, taking into account country-based differences in accessibility to various foods. It is estimated that the global adoption of this diet pattern could save more than 11 million lives a year, which at present are lost due to consequences of an unhealthy diet, and will significantly help to mitigate effects of food production on climate change. Possible ranges of caloric intake for the planetary health diet. This is because of the enormous amount of evidence from observational and interventional studies demostrating that plant-based diets can reduce CVD risk factors including hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia and type 2 diabetes, reduce the risk of developing CVD itself and arrest and reverse already established CVD. Full paper. The effects remained despite adjusting for consumption of other unhealthy foods that are often eaten with eggs bacon, sausage etc. CVD remains the top cause of death globally, yet healthy lifestyle behaviours could prevent the majority of cases. Dietary data were analysed in 3 ways to classify participants based on how much of the diet was derived from whole plant foods. The study found that the more the diet was based around plant foods and the lower the consumption of any animal-derived foods the lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular mortality and all cause mortality. Interestingly the consumption of fish and low fat dairy did not have a benefit for cardiovascular health.
Barnard, N. Reczek, C. Food Control 80, — Your website access code is located in the upper right corner of the Table of Contents page of your digital edition. Serum concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate in British male omnivores, vegetarians and vegans: results from a cross-sectional analysis of the EPIC-Oxford cohort study. Despite the strong body of evidence favoring plant-based diets, including studies showing a willingness of the general public to embrace them, 4 many physicians are not stressing the importance of plant-based diets as a first-line treatment for chronic illnesses. In addition, we aimed to evaluate potential underlying mechanisms and related implications for cognition. Impact of a vegan diet on the human salivary microbiota. Other plant-based diets incorporate some meat or fish: The pescatarian diet is similar to the lacto-ovo vegetarian diet, but with the addition of fish. Here’s What the Science Says.
People choose a vegetarian or vegan diet for a number of reasons. Research over many years has linked plant-based diets to lower rates of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers as compared with diets high in meat and other animal products. Dietary guidelines and recommendations from nutrition experts reflect this, encouraging the adoption of diets such as the Mediterranean diet and the DASH diet that are heavy on fruits and vegetables and restrict consumption of red meat. Plant-based diets carry some risk of inadequate protein, vitamin, and mineral intake. But these risks are readily overcome by choosing the right vegetarian foods and, when necessary, supplements. For example, soy, quinoa, and nuts are good sources of protein, and tofu, lentils, and spinach are good sources of iron. But a new study, published in the medical journal The BMJ, raises the possibility that despite the health benefits demonstrated by past research, plant-based diets could come with a previously unrecognized health risk.