Pubmed vegan diet and all cause mortality

By | May 22, 2021

pubmed vegan diet and all cause mortality

Background: Vegetarians and others who do not eat meat have been observed to have lower incidence rates than meat eaters of some chronic diseases, but it is unclear whether this translates into lower mortality. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe mortality in vegetarians and comparable nonvegetarians in a large United Kingdom cohort. Mortality by diet group for each of 18 common causes of death was estimated with the use of Cox proportional hazards models. There was no significant difference in overall all-cause mortality between the diet groups: HRs in low meat eaters, fish eaters, and vegetarians compared with regular meat eaters were 0. There were significant differences in risk compared with regular meat eaters for deaths from circulatory disease [higher in fish eaters HR: 1. Further adjustment for body mass index left these associations largely unchanged. Conclusions: United Kingdom-based vegetarians and comparable nonvegetarians have similar all-cause mortality. Differences found for specific causes of death merit further investigation. Keywords: diet; mortality; nonvegetarian; vegan; vegetarian.

The vegetarian diet is thought to have health benefits including reductions in type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Evidence to date suggests that vegetarians tend to have lower mortality rates when compared with non-vegetarians, but most studies are not population-based and other healthy lifestyle factors may have confounded apparent protective effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between categories of vegetarian diet including complete, semi and pesco-vegetarian and all-cause mortality in a large population-based Australian cohort. All-cause mortality was determined by linked registry data to mid Cox proportional hazards models quantified the association between vegetarian diet and all-cause mortality adjusting for a range of potential confounding factors. Among , participants mean age: We found no evidence that following a vegetarian diet, semi-vegetarian diet or a pesco-vegetarian diet has an independent protective effect on all-cause mortality. Tags Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter. Prev Med. Links Publisher Full Text. Aggregator Full Text.

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Int J. Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in Adventist Health Study 2. Vegetarian diet for patients with rheumatoid arthritis: can the clinical effects be explained by the psychological characteristics of the patients? Banks E. Background Previous studies have documented the cardiometabolic health benefits of plant-based diets; however, these studies were conducted in selected study populations that had narrow generalizability. Matta, J. Fish consumption and major depression. Other limitations include that this study was observational, thus it is subjected to the possible biases of observational studies. Vitamin Bcontaining plant food sources for vegetarians. Correlation of tryptophan metabolites with connectivity of extended central reward network in healthy subjects.

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